The Municipality of Andøy covers Andøya and part of Hinnøya east of Risøysundet.
Risøyhamn has the best preserved Iron Age farming settlement in Northern Norway, including the remains of 15 buildings and 27 burial mounds. Nearby is one of the few preserved star-shaped chieftain seats from the Iron Age. What is probably Norway's largest preserved settlement mound can be found at Andenes. The Andøy Museum has branches at both Risøyhamn and Andenes (Museum Nord). The lighthouse at Andenes, from 1859, stands 45 metres tall and is still active. Andenes has the largest pier structure in Northern Norway.
The traditional source of income is fishing, and while the supply of fish has been up and down in recent years, fishing and fisheries production remain a cornerstone of Andøy's industrial make-up. The three main fishing villages of Andenes, Bleik and Nordmela all have fish processing plants. Nowhere else along the Norwegian coast is the continental shelf as narrow as it is outside Andøya, and the ocean soon drops off to depths of 1000 metres and more just past the edge of the shelf. This area is the feeding ground for the sperm whale, the world's largest species of toothed whale, and in recent years, whale safaris and other related tourism activities have emerged as a welcome source of income.
Agriculture has traditionally been prevalent here, particularly as a secondary source of income, but has significantly declined. However, the number of single-family farms has increased. Agriculture is particularly prevalent in the eastern areas of Andøya and Hinnøya, primarily dairy and meat production, with an emphasis on sheep farming. Parts of Hinnøya are also reserved for reindeer grazing.
Fish processing is dominant in the municipality's industrial make-up, but there are also mechanical workshops, lumber companies and a concrete factory.
Andøy's contribution to the Footprints of the North project is the village of Bleik, a subsistence community where the traditional cluster settlement pattern has been preserved. The community is based on fishing, agriculture, peat harvesting, egg collecting and, recently, even industry.
Area (km2): 659
Administrative centre: Ballangen
Key industries: Fishing, fisheries industry, agriculture, industry